Monday, October 17, 2016

Allens serve in Royal Scots Fusileers in 1855

Two of the Allen brothers served with the Royal Scots Fusilleers 2 Battalion as drummers as we know from the letter we think the letter is from 1856 and brother John A Allan is back in England after serving in the Crimean War . Another brother George H is also serving in the same unit as John. John also mentions service in St Helena in the letter ---

 In 1831 the Scottish title was restored to the Regiment which became the Scots Fusilier Guards and went on to serve during The Crimean War, (1854-55) and Canada during the American Civil War (1861 to 1865).

 In 1854, the Crimean War began, which pitted the United Kingdom, France and the Ottoman Empire
against the Russian Empire. The 1st Battalion of the Scots Guards Fusiliers were dispatched as part of the Guards Brigade to the East, being deployed to Malta, Bulgaria and Turkey, before, in September, the British finally landed in the Crimea, at a place called Calamity Bay. The British and their French allies then began the advance on Sevastopol, a Russian naval base, but was blocked at the River Alma by Russian forces. And here came the Battalion's first engagement at the Battle of Alma, an action that saw chaotic and heavy hand-to-hand combat between the British and Russians. The road to Sevastopol runs through a gap between two hills, one to the east, known as Kourgane Hill and the other to the west, known as Telegraph Hill. On Kourgane Hill there consisted two earthworks, one known as the 'Great Redoubt' on the western side of the hill, while the other was on the eastern side, known as the 'Lesser Redoubt'. A British unit, known as the Light Division, made their advance, making steady progress on the Great Redoubt, and took it with very heavy casualties, however chaos soon set in, after, during a Russian counter-attack, a confusing order from an unknown officer was soon contradicted by other officers, and the British duly fell back. The Scots Fusilier Guards, in the center of the Guards Brigade, part of the 1st Division, were supporting the Light Division, though had only just crossed the River Alma by the time the Great Redoubt was taken. One brave group of Royal Welch Fusiliers had held their ground and were firing into the Russians until confronted by a mass of Russian soldiers, forcing them to retreat rapidly, and in the process, smashed straight into the formation of the advancing Scots Fusiliers Guards, causing immense chaos. The Russians seized their opportunity to strike, launching a large-scale bayonet charge on the regiment, resulting in brutal suffered 6,000. For their actions at Alma, the Scots Fusilier Guards won a battle honour and four men of the regiment would later win the Victoria Cross, an award created in 1856 to become the highest award for valour in the face of the enemy. These men were Captain Robert James Lindsay, Sergeants John Knox and James McKechnie, as well as Private William Reynolds. In 1855, the regiment took part in another bloody engagement, at the Battle of Inkerman, at a place known to the British as Mount Inkerman. The British, and their French allies, were attacked by numerically superior Russian troops, hoping to break the Siege of Sevastopol. The attack happened in very thick mist and despite having weak defences and being outnumbered severely, the British defended stoutly against the Russians. The first Russian attacks was completely devastated by the accurate fire of the badly outnumbered British defenders. The Guards helped defend the right of the British defenders, and at Sandbag Battery, performed valiantly in the face of overwhelming Russian numbers, and despite the difficulties the Guards faced, they overcame them and devastated the Russian forces assaulting the Sandbag Battery. The Battle of Inkerman was a victory that had been filled with dreadfully brutal hand-to-hand combat, that, at times, resembled the battles of a far more primitive age, and saw over 2,000 British soldiers killed or wounded out of over 8,000 that took part in the battle, with the Russians suffering over 11,000 casualties. The regiment won its thirteenth battle honour for their part at Inkerman. The Scots Fusilier Guards also took part in the arduous Siege of Sevastopol, which lasted from September 1854 to September the following year, when it was captured by the British. The Crimean War would end in 1856 with the Treaty of Paris, with the Scots Fusilier Guards returning home to the UK that same year
carnage, eventually forcing the regiment to reluctantly withdraw, and suffering over 150 casualties. During this chaos, the Colour party of the regiment, whose Colours had been shot through, held their ground against the overwhelming Russian force, and safeguarded the Colours from the Russians, as well as helping to rally the regiment. The Russians attempted to exploit the chaos when a large Russian force advanced on the Brigade of Guards, but the Guards poured a withering and accurate fire into the Russians, causing very heavy casualties. The British, including men of the battered Scots Fusilier Guards, subsequently advancing, causing the Russians to flee which allowed the British to re-take the Great Redoubt. Further heroics occurred on the right, with the Highland Brigade, just two lines deep, firing, while advancing, on the Russians who soon fled from the spirited Highland Brigade. The Battle had been bloody, with the British losing over 2,000 casualties while the Russians

This exactly what John would have looked like and maybe knew some of these guys
nglish: Crimean War 1854 - 1856

A group of Scots Fusilier Guards convalescing from wounds received in the Crimea at the Guards Barracks in London. Left to right:
  • Private G. Biddlescombe
  • Private Francis Trainer
  • Private George Watt
  • Private William Jay
  • Private Edward Little
  • Private J.F. Lilley
  • Private William McPherson
  • Private James Morgans
Date between circa 1854 and circa 1856

Sunday, October 16, 2016

Sarah Allen 1851 Census 62 Commercial Road , Waterloo, Lambeth Surrey England

Here is Sarah listed in 1851 census at 62 Commercial Road , Waterloo, Lambeth Surrey England She is listed as being a dressmaker, age 50 and born in Watford in Hertfordshire along with her son Thomas, 17, a sawyer born in Marleybone, Middlesex

Here is the letter we have from that address in 1856 sent to her son Benjamin in Canada
  Sawyer- Wood, still no more than roughly hewn tree-trunks, came from all over the world, being in heavy demand for every kind of building as well as furniture.

  The nearest sawmill was directly behind the houses on the east side of Cornwall Road with an exit onto Commercial Road. There two sawyers would maneuver a huge log into place over a large pit using levers.
  The 'top sawyer', the more senior of the two would stand on the log itself, holding one end of the heavy double-handled saw while the 'bottom sawyer' stood in the pit below, wearing a hat with a brim to keep the sawdust out of his eyes. It was exhausting work and the pay was poor.

                                                          1860 Upper Fore Street

Upper Ground Street 1839

Commercial Rd 1868

Modern Map 

Sarah Allen 1841 Census -- where was #7 Lower Crown Street St Margaret Westminster Middlesex England ??

Here is Sarah Allen ( where is John ? ) 1841 census w children - listed as a dressmaker living 7 Lower Crown Street St Margaret Westminster Middlesex England

This is the MAPP of the Parish of St MARGARETS Westminster taken from the last Survey with Corrections 7 B 1755 online here

The family is listed on #7 Lower Crown Street which is described in 18101 Topography of London as

1802 Wallis Pocket Plan or Map of London and Westminster, England

Here is a modern Google view image of the area

Here is the area as an overlay with old map it is located in Parliament office complex across from #10 Downing it was there when the Allens lived a few blocks away ( built late 1680s) Crown Street is #4 and 5 on the map

The Palace of Whitehall by Hendrick Danckerts c. 1660–1679. #10 is bldg far right

 Downing Street declined at the turn of the 19th century surrounded with run-down buildings, dark alleys, crime and prostitution. Earlier, the government had taken over the other Downing Street houses: the Colonial Office occupied Number 14 in 1798: the Foreign Office was at Number 16 and the houses on either side; the West India Department was in Number 18 and the Tithe Commissioners in Number 20. The houses deteriorated from neglect, became unsafe, and one by one were torn down. By 1857, Downing Street's town houses were all gone except for Number 10, Number 11 (customarily the Chancellor of the Exchequer's residence) and Number 12

Sunday, February 7, 2016

Benjamin Smith court martialed Valley Forge 1778

This was sent to me by someone who considered bidding on this item

Sale 2404 Lot 28 (AMERICAN REVOLUTION--1778.) Minutes of a regimental court martial at Valley Forge. Manuscript Document Signed by Lieutenant Nathaniel Gilman as president of the court. One page, 12 3/4 x 7 1/2 inches; folds, moderate wear, trimmed on left edge with partial loss of docketing on verso, mounted to mat along top edge. (MRS) Camp Valley Forge, PA, 20 April 1778 Estimate $2,500 - 3,500

The minutes of a court martial convened at Valley Forge by officers of the hard-fighting 3rd New Hampshire Regiment, commanded by Colonel Alexander Scammell (who also served as General Washington's Adjutant General). This court was convened to try two soldiers. Private Benjamin Smith pled guilty of "going out of camp without leave & being absent at roll call after being repeatedly cautioned to the contrary," and was sentenced to "fifteen lashes on his naked back at the publick whipping post." Samuel Hodgdon assumed guilt for "denying his duty & disobedience of orders" and received the same sentence, but "considering the prisoner to have been a good soldier & the first offence of the like nature," the court recommended that the sentence be suspended. P

rovenance: Sold by Jim Best, the Bookman of Kent, at an antiquarian book fair to the consignor.

Benjamin Smith Muster Roll

Wednesday, August 12, 2015

Personal reminiscence of lumbering era Bressler

Personal Rem Lumbering Era by Nancy

Thursday, August 6, 2015

Last will and testament of Polly Hayden widow of the late Ira Davis

Last will and testament of Polly Hayden widow of the late Ira Davis

 23 November 1874

Last will and testament of Polly Hayden widow of the late Ira Davis

On this day, the Twenty third of November in the year of one thousand eight hundred and seventy four

Before me, the undersigned Public Notary duly admitted and sworn in and the Province of Quebec in the Dominion of Canada residing in the Township of Stanbridge in the district of Bedford and the instrumentary witnesses herein after named and for the purpose called.

Personally came and appeared Polly Hayden of the said township and district widow of the late Ira Davis in his lifetime of the same place yeoman deceased who being in good health of body and of sound mind, memory and understanding as appears unto us the said notary and witnesses who well XXXX the certainty of death and the uncertainty of the time thereof and wishing to settle her worldly affairs before her demise has thus made XXXX her last will and testament unto us the said notary and witnesses as follows to wit

First As a Christian I recommend my soul into the hands of Almighty god in Christ hoping for pardon and remissions of my sins through sole merits of the Redeemer Jesus Christ my body I commit to the earth XXX and worms to be interred in a Christian like manner after my demise.

Second I will that all my just debts and funeral expenses  be paid as soon as possible after my demise and wrongs if any i have committed  be repaired as soon as made known by my Testamulatary Executo herein

Thirdly -- I will devise and bequeath unto my beloved grandchild George Henry Allen as a token of my love and regards for him the sum of three hundred dollars currency the same to be paid thus out of my estate as soon as possible after my demise

Fourthly -- I will and devise and bequeath unto my other grandchildren Charles Ira Allen and Adelaide Allen if my estate should amount to the same the sum of three hundred dollars each after paying the aforementioned legacy of the three hundred to the said George Henry Allen and if the sum should not amount to the same then the remainder whatever it may be shall be divided between the said Charles Ira and Adalaide share and share like but in the event of it exceeding the sum of three hundred dollars each then the surplus if any these shall be divided between the said George  Henry, Charles Ira and Adalaide Allen share and share alike the same to have and to hold unto and to the free use of these my said grandchildren the said respective sum or sums of money their heirs and assigns forever by virtue of these present hereby and in the fullest manner possible constituting these their heirs and assigns my universal and residuary legatees and to execute and accomplish this my present last will and testament I hereby nominate and constitute and appoint to the person of Charles John Chandler of the Township of Stanbridge merchant as executor here of hoping he will render me this one last act of kindness and friendship – this present last will and testament was this made and published and declared Fait Dicte et homme unto J.M. McGregor notary by the said testatrix in the presence of Prim Robert merchant and Charles John Chandler merchant both of Stanbridge
Instrumentary witness for that purpose called and caused the same to be written and take down and the same having been read and reread due et relic the said testatrix in the presence of the said witnesses by the said notary doeth hereby declare to well and truly understand the same and every part did parcel thereof and doth persist therein being as being her only one last will and testament hereby and in the fullest manner possible annulling and making void any and all wills and codicils be here anytime  heretofore made

In faith and testimony whereof the said testatrix hath signed these present in the presence of said witnesses and said notary hereto also subscribing in the presence of each other at the township of Stanbridge in the office on this day month and year first before written other the number two thousand two hundred and three –thru letters , one  words eased null.

CJ Chandler
Prince Robert
Polly Hayden
J M McGregor

Last Will and Testament of Polly Hayden Widow of the Late Ira Davis by cunningb